Başkent University Faculty of Dentistry was established in 1999. The Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics was established in 2000, and PhD education programme began in 2000-2001. 1 Professor, 2 Associate Professors and 2 Research assistants are currently working in the department. Compulsory and elective courses must be completed in first and second years of PhD programme and thesis studies completed in third and fourth year of the programme. Clinical attendance and practice is a must during the PhD programme.